Good to Know > Blood Cancers: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Blood Cancers: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Here’s how you can detect Blood Cancer easily!

Most Blood Cancers grow in the bone marrow, where blood is produced. In simple language, blood cancer refers to the growth of abnormal blood cells. This becomes even more dangerous when those abnormal cells interrupt the functioning of the normal cells in the body. 

As you might know, normal blood cells in our bodies fight multiple infections to keep us safe. They also are responsible for the growth of new blood cells for the smooth functioning of our organs. Therefore, when abnormal blood cells hinder the actions of normal ones, the body starts to give certain signs. Just like any other disease, cancer might not show any symptoms at the initial stage. However, most people do experience some. Have a look below!

Does Blood Cancer Show Any Symptoms?

As we discussed earlier, Blood Cancer might not show any signs when the abnormal blood cells start to grow out of control. But, this is not the case every time. Therefore, a set of symptoms has been listed below to give a brief. Some of these may even be misunderstood to be of any other disease. Therefore, if you experience any unusual signs for a longer period than usual, you must see a doctor.

  1. Weakness and fatigue 
  2. Shortness of breath 
  3. Unexpected weight loss 
  4. Itching or skin rash 
  5. Frequent infections 
  6. Joint pain
  7. Abdominal discomfort 
  8. Lymph node
  9. Abdominal pain and back pain
  10. Difficulty while urinating 
  11. Bleeding gums
  12. Night sweats
  13. Delirium and confusion
  14. Minimal body strain leading to bone fractures

How is Blood Cancer Diagnosed?

If it is suspected by your doctor that you have Blood Cancer, you will be prescribed certain lab tests for the proper diagnosis. This primarily may include four types of tests. 

Complete Blood Count 

As the name suggests, this test is used to determine the count of various types of blood cells present in your body. If the blood count detects the arrival of cancer, you may need to go for a Biopsy.

Blood Protein Testing 

This test is used to determine certain abnormal immune system proteins. However, this test alone can not conclude the presence of cancer cells in the body. 

Tumor Marker Tests 

Tumor markers are the chemicals that are produced by the cancer cells in the body. Since normal cells also produce tumor markers, this test alone can not be used to make a firm decision.

Circulating Tumor Cell Tests

Circulating tumor cell tests are approved to monitor patients with certain cancers including breast, colorectal, and prostate cancer.

How can Blood Cancer be Treated?

The following are some of the approved clinical solutions for patients with Blood Cancer: 

Chemotherapy 

IMARECH Imatinib Mesylate is the most commonly used chemotherapeutic drug. Chemotherapy, in general, kills the cancer cells which usually have a rapid growth rate. In this process, the cancer cells get destroyed, wherein even the body’s healthy cells get affected (but they repair themselves after the chemotherapy sessions). This kind of treatment may also be prescribed before stem cell transplant. 

Imatinib Mesylate for Blood Cancer is now available worldwide as a promising clinical solution specifically for patients with Leukemia (Cancer of the Bone Marrow and the Lymphatic System).

Stem Cell Transplant / Bone Marrow Transplant

It is used for post-remission therapy. A stem cell transplant helps to replace unhealthy bone marrow with healthy stem cells, which will further aid in generating new cancer-free bone marrow.

Immunotherapy 

This therapy is prescribed, most often, after chemotherapy, to boost the patient’s immunity. Through its mechanism, the immune cells can easily sustain the remission brought about by the previous cycle of chemotherapy. 

Radiation Therapy

Radiation Therapy is used to destroy cancer cells or to relieve pain using rays. It particularly destroys the DNA in cancer cells and hinders their multiplication. Commonly, this kind of treatment is used along with some other effective techniques.